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The Greatness of Saturn- Siddhaant Paksh Part 1 : Magnificent Aspects of Saturn explained Astronomically and Philosophically

| Om Guruve Namah |

Magnificent Aspects Astronomically, Astrologically and Philosphically Explained- Part 1 (Mathematical Aspect)

General Introduction:

Om Nilanjana samabhasam, Ravi putram yamagrajam Cahaya martanda samhubhutam, Tama namami Shanescharam
I bow down to great Shanaishchara, one who is slow in motion ( Shaniah = slow, charah =move) (Saturn), the elder brother of Yama (the God of Death) and who is born from (who is the son of ) Martanda (the Sun) and Chhaya and who is the son of Ravi (the Sun) . His complexion is blackish, like that of black eye ointment (used as an eyeliner, made out of black soot mixed with clarified butter)

In Sanskrit Saturn is called Shani or Shana-ish-chara ("The slow mover - The Manda Gati " ), Shane -Shane (one who walks slowly)". 

Astronomically, only Saturn has that capability to stay for a much longer period in any zodiac sign because of his slow movement in the celestial sphere.It takes him 2.5 Years, about two and a half years to cover-up one zodiacal sign or so to pass through each constellation of the sidereal zodiac which covers the cycle of 30 years for completing its phase in all the zodiac signs.Only Saturn in the solar system has that much stronger and longer Ring structure with multi layers gaseous components in it, as what ancient and modern astronomers believe, that has the ability to control motions of rest of planetary forces after the 2nd largest planet Jupiter in the solar system, via its magnetic shield it has.

Saturn Ring Structure Philosophical and Logical understanding

Logically Saturn planetary structure has 3 outer Rings of unequal width and they revolve it in the same direction.They all revolve from left to right in the same direction as the planet revolves on its axis. Comparatively Earth and Saturn movements are very similar to each other.The thickness of Saturn's rings is a hundred miles and most of the people believe that all these rings are made of gaseous material but latest discoveries show that rings consist of a cloud of tiny satellites revolving around the planets, that shows the force of planetary rings it has, that it can break any barrier it came across.
As per latest discoveries Neither they are made of Gas nor liquids nor solid, they are innumerable little satellites which form the ring structure of the Saturn.

"The very true purpose of Ring structure on Saturn apart from rest of planetary structure is to provide sharp piece of knowledge on judgement, self-restrictions, Self-realisation, with deep observation power to keep on monitoring rest of motions of planets with sharp karmic eyes or we can say in philosophical language it is a gifted understanding for deep analytical assessment, with a keen observation power to observe every minute to smallest karma from any deep angles via close and minute associations. 
It is made for providing a balance in the motion and that balance can help in achieving any life targets and goals with perfect patience and stability after undergoing life hard lessons slowly in the journey of life, the Famous saying is without balance and focused targets or goal no one can achieve the level of perfection.Only with perfect balance, one can achieve anything with life gradual experiences.The Ring structure of Saturn helps in closely monitoring the motions of others, Here motions of others imply their karmic mistakes in the journey of life and that can only be possible after observing the mistakes in their karmas via patience, observation, and deep assessment." 
If you have the charismatic ring of the Saturn in your chart, it is none another a power of balance, gifted as in the form of placement of Exalted Saturn, eventually, you can conquer any fight or battle with deep wisdom, with the power of balanced life approach and perfect balanced motion. More the motion is slow with consistent speed more you can monitor your life mistakes and more you can put restrictions on yourself for better achievements in goal. The Greatest power will be you can help others via you deep wisdom attained via balanced and perfect motion by guiding them, by realising their root mistake, by pinpointing their weaknesses.

Power of Ring in Saturn is for judgement, wisdom, deep observation power, wide Vision, gift of monitoring karma's, judgement of being right and wrong. 

In General, life, if we have the balance we can take better steps and decisions, clarity of thoughts will be more with clear and precise vision, One can take all pro and cons into consideration before any decisions or judgement For  e.g when the ring is attached to a coin and if we try to rotate or revolve that coin with the ring attached to it, we can see that, in starting the weight of the ring will try to imbalance or slow down the motion but once it achieve its perfect momentum, balance and consistent speed, slowly but gradually it will pick up the speed in perfect and consistent spin motion, in that slow and balanced motion planet will have maximum ChestaBala and speed will keep on increasing and later we can also observe that the motion will be in perfects shape and in balanced state and when it gets to stop, coin will be having perfect landing without any mistake. Same goes for the Saturn Ring and motion, with the power of this any native can achieve their maximum life goals but with perfection and true balance via the help of motion of Saturn that no can achieve 

*Note: Chesta Bala is a motional strength analysed based on the relative motion of the planets especially in the case of those planets having relatively slow speed those can get maximum Chesta Bala value. Planets those are fast relatively having a low chesta bala value. Reason being Slow moving planets can able to focus their energy more on any aspect because they can stay in one place for a maximum time. Therefore it is possible that a relatively fast moving Saturn can get a low Chesta Bala value in Directional motion rather than in Retrogression motion, while relatively fast-moving Mercury can get a high Chesta Bala during retrogression motion.

Spiritually and philosophically the ring structure of the Saturn also shows about Extra two Aspects (The 3rd and 10th Aspect- Drishti) and controlling nature given to the Lord Saturn for extraordinary duties assigned to him for mankind well being or can be defined as a sharp eye given for deeply monitoring karmic actions of the humans. Its Main purpose lies in extra features those are given to the Lord of karma for understanding Restrictions and duties on karmic actions based on the karma of any being. It speaks about the managed and fixed boundaries required for any disciplinary actions. 

It speaks about fixed Dedication needed for fulfilling the tasks. Also, shows constant futuristic focus and decisions for those actions and working on it constantly with fixed ideas. These rings structures also show Limitation one can come across in fructifying the actions and how one can manage and work under those fixed boundaries and limitations. It also speaks about fixed boundaries one must have to work in for yielding out better results in future without crossing it or misusing the power given by the Almighty for accomplishing any tasks. It shows majorly about the strength one has realised with great difficulties in past's life and most importantly it talks about a control structure on karmas of Devas, Rakshas and Manshuyas.Even it also indicates about enforced boundaries given for Honest and Balanced judgment to the Lord of the Karama for all the being for their karmic actions by the Godhead of the highest order.

The motion of Saturn as per ancient texts and Astronomy:

According to Khandakhadyaka and Surya Siddhanta of Varahamihira, Shani completes 146,564 revolutions on its own axis every 4,320,000 earth years, an Epicycle of Apsis as 60 degrees, and had an apogee (aphelia) of 240 degrees in 499 CE; while another manuscript of Surya Siddhanta revises the revolutions to 146,568, the apogee to 236 degrees and 37 seconds and the Epicycle to about 49 degrees.                                         (Source: Wikipedia)
Surya Siddhanta10,765 days, 18 hours, 33 minutes, 13.6 seconds
Siddhanta Shiromani10,765 days, 19 hours, 33 minutes, 56.5 seconds

Astronomically, Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. It is a gas (Vayu Tatva - Sharpe Intelligence) giant with an average radius (Wisdom) about nine times that of Earth.Although it has only one-eighth the average density of Earth, with its larger volume Saturn is just over 95 times (Power of control) more massive.It has a deep impact on the air system of the body and sharp influence on all sort of Mundane activities and desires. that's why its effects more on the root chakra of the body.

Some Scientific Facts and hypothesis Based on Saturn Magnetic force

Magnetic field and Influence: 

Scientifically Saturn has a magnetic field (Power of Attraction and controlling any Jeeva for enforcing duties and responsibilities) about 578 times more powerful than the Earth's, that shows the power, and force of attraction (Gravity) which is impossible to count, further shows the impact and controlling nature it possesses toward Rest of planetary structure from Mercury to Jupiter.This shows any Moving and rotating body circulation motion has a deep role in impacting any nearby celestial body within its range. 

The thing is how huge celestial bodies floating in solar system effects so badly that we cannot think more than from it. Well, the answer lies in understanding the solar magnetic forces or currents they produce and how they influence, which keep on affecting any particle in contact with these huge celestial bodies.

According to the "Swami Abhedananda"  as explained in Heliocentric science, Effects of the planets upon on earth are the results of the certain vibrations, frequencies and circulatory motions of their bodies.These vibrations usually travel's in an outer space from all the direction and strike the sun like a telegraphic signals those keep coming to the receiver end (Here sun is acting as the source of accepting and reflecting back those waves and signals) and in the same way sun strike back or reflect those telegraphic waves in all the direction to the sender ends. Here both the Sun and rest of the planets are acting like a communication channel, whereas rest of the planets act like Transponder and the sun is acting like as the receiver who keep on responding those signals from outer space.These vibrations always coming from the other planetary ends in a regular manner in the medium of "Ether" and keep beating on the atmosphere of the sun.when they Strike to the surface of the sun they cannot penetrate through the sun, in return they reflected back and goes in every direction and strike to all other planets including earth too.  

These waves or vibrations are like magnetic current travelling everywhere in the solar surface and it has influence of each and every planet and they keep on sending this current  to the sun, and sun keep on sending back these influences to other planets in all the directions and these currents keep on travelling from one planet to the other planet affecting weather surface, Mental and physical conditions of the human beings living on those planets. Larger the planet is located much powerful would be the magnetic current it has to send back to the sun and after coming back from the sun it gets magnetised by the solar atmosphere with much-telling influences on the human mind, weather, atmosphere and physical conditions of the human being.   

These solar magnetic currents or waves of energy produce force and vitality and they are reflected upon the earth from every direction.Every planetary current has a much telling influence on the human mind and body.Then Sun send it back to the medium of ether in the same way to  the earth via its radiation, It has everything including light, Sound, different wavelength of colour, heat, Pran Shakti, Vitality, power, force and other telling influences those are gathered from the rest of the planets in certain wavelengths and they get mixed up with heat and light of the sun. 

Our ancient seers and astronomers studied these patterns very well and then they understood that why human beings are more or less affected by the influence of each planet motion.

Because of the quick motion of the Mercury around the sun, it produces a much-telling influence on the human mind and brain functionality as it waves get much magnetised by the sun and in result vibration of the mercury produces quickness, Activity, changeableness, Hilarity, wittiness and brilliant intelligence. and it has also been observed that these vibrations also produces different forms too, its vibrations are very quick and shorter in nature, that's why its goes quick and back in much shorter period. The result will be it has a much shorter influence on the human mind and body during its transitory and retrogression motion.Same way Venus has bit slower vibrations and it's in a pleasant form.  

It produces a soothing and harmonious influence on the human mind as well as on the weather too, and whenever Venus vibrations strike to anyone it produces harmonic vibrations around heart chakra those helps in a healthy relationship with any other being. Jupiter Has much longer, powerful but slower vibrations due to its slow motion and much broader surface and it produces vast and huge waves around earth helps in harmonic growth around human mind and body and when it strikes to the sun it gets harmonized by the sun and same it is reflected back to the surface of earth it has much-telling influence on the mind and it affects more on the Spiritual ground affecting human mind in a most positive way because it has much smoother and harmonic relation with the medium of the waves (The Ether - Akash Tattva). 

As it is very huge in size and largest among all it has tremendous power of influence on the human mind, body and the surface of the earth weather condition. It has the quality of absorbing everything and when it strikes to human mind it gives healthy and powerful vitality force to the human body and absorbs every negativity around it.Now coming to the Saturn, it has very long, heaviest and much slower vibrations than any of the planets in the solar system and its waves and vibrations are very powerful and strong and it produces disintegrating influence on the human mind and body.Each of these different vibrations coming from different planets having different wavelength produces different effects in human system and characteristics of the human too. Saturn being much slower in motion for longer period, its magnetic current has much influence on the inner side of the body and has more influence on the bone and flesh of the human being and its vibrations produce more a restriction on a person or its activity and have more of all kind of disintegrating effects on human body with diseases connected with it.

Orbit & rotation

Average distance from the Sun: 885,904,700 miles (1,426,725,400 km) which is 9.53707 times that of Earth.Solar Waves take much time to reach earth surface that's the only reason it has effect for much longer period and same it has Dasha period for much longer period.

Perihelion (closest approach to Sun): 838,519,000 miles (1,349,467,000 km) which is 9.177 times that of Earth.Because of this reason, it has the highest impact on the human mind and with the help of slow motion, it can attain maximum Chesta bala in either direct or in retrogression motion.

Aphelion (farthest distance from sun): 934,530,000 miles (1,503,983,000 km) which is 9.886 times that of Earth.

How Aspects works and How these Huge Celestial Bodies effects us:

Although Saturn is much larger than the Earth, its surface gravity is only a little more than the surface gravity on Earth. This is only because of Saturn is made up of mostly gases part and is not solid like Earth. 

Now the question is why Saturn has such massive gravity though it is made up of gaseous structure? What contributes to all this Saturn gravity?. The element-wise core structure of Saturn is largely comprised of hydrogen and helium, which came together at the beginning of the Solar System, gathered by their mutual mass. It’s the same composition as Jupiter and the Sun have. These primordial elements were formed at the beginning of the Universe in the Big Bang if we see modern assessment but in Hindu cosmology, Saturn celestial structure and origin has a different story.This shows that the Same power which is present on Sun is also present in rest of planets too including Saturn.It's the same force which keeps on pulling every planet to each other which the sun has. 

What is that Power? Is it a Magnetic Shield or the magnetic force of attraction which we called gravity or something else? Let's understand first, What is mentioned in Scriptures about Gravity or force of attraction, that keep on attracting every other planet in the solar system with fixed boundaries. Science has named this force of attraction -The Gravitational force of planets. 

What is Gravitational Force of Planets

"Vaishesika Sutra" discusses the role of Gravity Deeply for every object present in this solar system or in celestial sphere and can help us in understanding how planets affect us either by aspect or by stronger magnetic attraction. everything is accountable in understanding that gravitational force:

The Same thing has been explained by Bhaskaracharya on Surya Siddhanta around 400 AD;

"Vaishesika Sutra"  describes that in the absence of conjunction (In an action) falling results due to Gravity. 
संयोगभावे गुरुत्वात्पतनम (V.S. 5.1.7)
In the absence of conjunction (Gurutvat) (is a procees , defines the action or an instance of two or more events or things occurring at the same point in time or space.)
 falling results from Gravity.Which means 
something that makes progress, movement, or achieving something difficult or impossible is the process of Impediment responsible for Gurutvat.
Thus it clearly recognizes objects fall downward due to Gravity. 

Sutra 5.1.8 States that due to the absence of a particular molecular motion there arises no upward or side-ward motion in any object causes to fall down.

Why does an object throw in air fall after some time? 

Then Vaishesika Sutra discusses the role of Gravity in falling of moving objects. It gives through the analogy of arrow. First, it gives mechanism of arrow projection in Sutra 5.1.17 

नोदनाद्यभिषोः कर्म तत्कर्मकारिताच्च संस्कारादुत्तरं तथोत्तरमुत्तरं च 
The first action of the arrow is from impulse; the next is resultant energy produced by the first action, and similarly the next to next. 

Then it explains why it falls in next Sutra. 

संस्काराभावे गुरुत्वात्पतनम (V.S. 5.1.18
In the absence of resultant/propulsive energy generated by the action, falling results from Gravity. 

Thus from above Sutras, we can acknowledge that Vaisheshika Sutra clearly discusses Gravity. It uses the word "Gurutwa" which is also used in present time to represent Gravity. Gurutwa in ancient understanding means force which arises due to mass.

Text from Rig Veda 10.22.14 also says that 

“This earth is devoid of hands and legs, yet it moves ahead. All the objects over the earth also move with it. It moves around the sun."

In this mantra,

Kshaa = Earth (refer Nigantu 1.1)

Ahastaa = without hands

Apadee = without legs

Vardhat = moves ahead

Shushnam Pari = Around the sun

Pradakshinit = revolves

and further Rig Veda 10.149.1 also says that by which force  earth and rest of planetary structure is attracted toward the sun;

“The sun has tied Earth and other planets through attraction and moves them around itself as if a trainer moves newly trained horses around itself holding their reins.”
In this mantra,

Savita = Sun

Yantraih = through reins

Prithiveem = Earth

Aramnaat = Ties

Dyaam Andahat = Other planets in sky as well

Atoorte = Unbreakable
Baddham = Holds
Ashwam Iv Adhukshat = Like horses

There is clear text about GRAVITATIONAL FORCE mentioned in Rig Veda 8.12.28

“O Indra! by putting forth your mighty rays, which possess the qualities of gravitation and attraction-illumination and motion – keep up the entire universe in order through the Power of your attraction.”
Rig Veda 1.6.5 and Rig Veda 8.12.30 Says, 
O God, You have created this Sun. You possess infinite power. You are upholding the sun and other spheres and render them steadfast by your power of attraction."
Yajur Veda 33.43 Says, 
“The sun moves in its own orbit in space taking along with itself the mortal bodies like earth through force of attraction.”
Rig Veda 1.35.9 Says, 
The sun moves in its own orbit but holding earth and other heavenly bodies in a manner that they do not collide with each other through force of attraction."
Rig Veda 1.164.13 further says that, 

Sun moves in its orbit which itself is moving. Earth and other bodies move around the sun due to the force of attraction, because the sun is heavier than them".

Atharva Veda 4.11.1 Says,

“The sun has held the earth and other planets”

From all Rig Vedic Sutras, we can confirm that Due to Sun pulling Force every planet is dire to attached and attracted toward him by a unique magnetic force and by the same force all these planets are affecting us with some sort of Planetary attraction in the form of Cosmic rays. 

As we are born with the same elements those Sun and rest of planetary structure are made of, Having on their surface, the same magnetic force keeps pulling us and influencing our mental makeup, the state of mind and power of discretion in every day to day karmas. Thus Celestial bodies including Saturn does have a bigger role in our life. 
“There are suns in all directions, the night sky being full of them.” (Rig Veda)"

"Blue Sky is Nothing but scattered sunlight (Markandeya Purana 78.8)"

Now  ! We have understood it well, what is gravity and how different planets are well connected with the sun and its gravitational force and why because of that every planet keeps affecting us. Now, The next question is what makes the Saturn Aspects are So special in influencing our karmic actions ?. As in this portion, we have studied the Saturn mathematical and astronomical aspect. In the Next portion, we will try to understand how our Puranic ancient stories are well connected with the planetary aspects and structure. we will try to figure out deep answers lie in the Puranic stories those are connected with the Saturn Evolution time.For understanding Saturn aspects part in a predictive way via natal chart , click below on continue:

With Regards,

Source and Reference:

The Vaisesika sutras of Kanada Translated by Nandalal Sinha (Via

A Study of Heliocentric Science by Swami Abhedananda 

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